Lower KS2 Fossils Activities

Covers: Activity Resources Relation to National Curriculum Downloads
Activity One - Identifying Fossils

Activity 1

Identifying Fossils

  • En3/1c use relevant strategies to build their vocabulary
  • Sc4/1.1 asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them
  • Sc4/1.3 making systematic and careful observations
  • Sc4/1.8 identifying differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes
  • Sc3/3.1b describe in simple terms how fossils are formed when things that have lived are trapped within rock
Activity Two - Chocolate Fossil Model

Activity 2

Chocolate Fossil Model

  • Forming Fossils Video
  • Fossil Diagram Activity Sheet
  • Fossil Model Comparison Activity Sheet
  • Coloured Paper
  • Scissors
  • Glue
  • Pencil

  • Melted Chocolate
  • Cake cases
  • Milk chocolate
  • Uncooked pasta

  • Chocolate Sediment
  • Cake tin
  • Freezer bag
  • Rolling pin
  • Digestive biscuit
  • Grated dark chocolate bar
  • Grated milk chocolate bar
  • Grated white chocolate bar
  • Uncooked pasta
  • Note: It is likely your child will want to eat their models after they have made them. Consider using nuts or raisins instead of uncooked pasta to make them more edible.
  • Sc3/3.1b describe in simple terms how fossils are formed when things that have lived are trapped within rock
  • Sc4/1.1 asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them
  • Sc4/1.4 gathering, recording, classifying and presenting data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions
  • Sc4/1.8 identifying differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes

Activity Three - Creating A Cast Fossil

Activity 3

Creating A Cast Fossil

  • 1 cup of table salt
  • ½ cup of plain flour
  • ¾ cup of water
  • Mixing bowl
  • Plastic cup
  • Plaster of Paris
  • Plastic container (for the fossil)
  • Plastic container (to mix plaster)
  • Stick
  • Ar2/1.2 to improve their mastery of art and design techniques, including drawing, painting and sculpture with a range of materials
  • Sc3/1.1 asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them
  • Sc3/3.1b describe in simple terms how fossils are formed when things that have lived are trapped within rock
Activity Four - Measuring Dinosaurs

Activity 4

Measuring Dinosaurs

  • Ma3/2.1c compare and order numbers up to 1,000
  • Ma3/3.1a measure, compare, add and subtract: lengths (m/cm/mm)
Activity Five - Mary Anning Timeline

Activity 5

Mary Anning Timeline

  • Hi2/2.2 Extended Chronological Study pupils should be taught a study of an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066

Activity Six - Coprolite Model

Activity 6

Coprolite Model

  • Coprolite Video
  • ¾ cup plain flour
  • ½ cup salt
  • ¼ cup instant coffee granules
  • Water
  • Uncooked pasta (fusilli / penne)
  • Green paper / leaves
  • Mixing bowl
  • Plastic cup
  • Ar2/1.2 to improve their mastery of art and design techniques, including drawing, painting and sculpture with a range of materials
  • Sc3/1.1 asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them
  • Sc3/3.1b describe in simple terms how fossils are formed when things that have lived are trapped within rock

Activity 1 - Identifying Fossils

Activity 1
Identifying Fossils

Practical Resources:

Relation to Curriculum in England:

  • En3/1c use relevant strategies to build their vocabulary
  • Sc4/1.1 asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them
  • Sc4/1.3 making systematic and careful observations
  • Sc4/1.8 identifying differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes
  • Sc3/3.1b describe in simple terms how fossils are formed when things that have lived are trapped within rock

Downloads:

Activity 2 - Chocolate Fossil Model

Activity 2
Chocolate Fossil Model

Practical Resources:

  • Forming Fossils Video
  • Fossil Diagram Activity Sheet
  • Fossil Model Comparison Activity Sheet
  • Coloured Paper
  • Scissors
  • Glue
  • Pencil

  • Melted Chocolate
  • Cake cases
  • Milk chocolate
  • Uncooked pasta

  • Chocolate Sediment
  • Cake tin
  • Freezer bag
  • Rolling pin
  • Digestive biscuit
  • Grated dark chocolate bar
  • Grated milk chocolate bar
  • Grated white chocolate bar
  • Uncooked pasta
  • Note: It is likely your child will want to eat their models after they have made them. Consider using nuts or raisins instead of uncooked pasta to make them more edible.

Relation to Curriculum in England:

  • Sc3/3.1b describe in simple terms how fossils are formed when things that have lived are trapped within rock
  • Sc4/1.1 asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them
  • Sc4/1.4 gathering, recording, classifying and presenting data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions
  • Sc4/1.8 identifying differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes

Downloads:


Activity 3 - Creating A Cast Fossil

Activity 3
Creating A Cast Fossil

Practical Resources:

  • 1 cup of table salt
  • ½ cup of plain flour
  • ¾ cup of water
  • Mixing bowl
  • Plastic cup
  • Plaster of Paris
  • Plastic container (for the fossil)
  • Plastic container (to mix plaster)
  • Stick

Relation to Curriculum in England:

  • Ar2/1.2 to improve their mastery of art and design techniques, including drawing, painting and sculpture with a range of materials
  • Sc3/1.1 asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them
  • Sc3/3.1b describe in simple terms how fossils are formed when things that have lived are trapped within rock

Downloads:

Activity 4 - Measuring Dinosaurs

Activity 4
Measuring Dinosaurs

Practical Resources:

Relation to Curriculum in England:

  • Ma3/2.1c compare and order numbers up to 1,000
  • Ma3/3.1a measure, compare, add and subtract: lengths (m/cm/mm)

Downloads:

Activity 5 - Mary Anning Timeline

Activity 5
Mary Anning Timeline

Practical Resources:

Relation to Curriculum in England:

  • Hi2/2.2 Extended Chronological Study pupils should be taught a study of an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066

Downloads:


Activity 6 - Coprolite Model

Activity 6
Coprolite Model

Practical Resources:

  • Coprolite Video
  • ¾ cup plain flour
  • ½ cup salt
  • ¼ cup instant coffee granules
  • Water
  • Uncooked pasta (fusilli / penne)
  • Green paper / leaves
  • Mixing bowl
  • Plastic cup

Relation to Curriculum in England:

  • Sc3/1.1 asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them
  • Sc3/3.1b describe in simple terms how fossils are formed when things that have lived are trapped within rock
  • Ar2/1.2 to improve their mastery of art and design techniques, including drawing, painting and sculpture with a range of materials

Downloads:


Making Fossils Fun with Art and Design

Welcome to Hands-On Education, where we strive to make learning fun and engaging for primary school teachers and home educators alike. In this article, we'll be discussing how to incorporate art and design into key stage 2 fossils activities, specifically through the use of plaster of Paris to create cast fossils.

Not only does this activity align with the national curriculum's requirement for students to "produce creative work, exploring their ideas and recording their experiences," but it also allows for exploration of various art forms and techniques. By taking students on a creative journey through the process of creating their own fossils, they can gain a deeper understanding of the wider world and the history of life on earth.

To begin, gather all necessary materials such as plaster of Paris, water, plastic cups, and small objects to create impressions in the plaster. Encourage students to use their imaginations and choose objects that they believe would make interesting fossils.

Next, mix the plaster of Paris according to the instructions on the package and pour it into the plastic cups, filling them about halfway. Have students press their chosen objects into the plaster, creating an impression. Allow the plaster to dry completely before removing the object and revealing the cast fossil.

For an added element of fun, consider incorporating a chocolate fossil model activity. This involves creating a mould of a small object using clay and then filling it with melted chocolate. Once the chocolate has hardened, the mould is removed to reveal a delicious and educational treat.

By teaching art techniques and understanding in visual arts through the creation of cast fossils, students are able to engage with the subject matter in a hands-on and memorable way. And who knows, they may even discover a newfound passion for palaeontology!

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