National Curriculum


National Curriculum of England Hands-On Education Activity
Sc2/1.1 asking simple questions and recognising that they can be answered in different ways
Sc2/1.2 observing closely, using simple equipment
Sc2/1.3 performing simple tests
Sc2/1.4 identifying and classifying
Sc2/1.5 using their observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions
Sc2/1.6 gathering and recording data to help in answering questions
Sc2/2.1a explore and compare the differences between things that are living, dead, and things that have never been alive
Sc2/2.1b identify that most living things live in habitats to which they are suited and describe how different habitats provide for the basic needs of different kinds of animals and plants, and how they depend on each other
Sc2/2.1c identify and name a variety of plants and animals in their habitats, including microhabitats
Sc2/2.1d describe how animals obtain their food from plants and other animals, using the idea of a simple food chain, and identify and name different sources of food.
Sc2/2.2a observe and describe how seeds and bulbs grow into mature plants
Sc2/2.2b find out and describe how plants need water, light and a suitable temperature to grow and stay healthy
Sc2/2.3a notice that animals, including humans, have offspring which grow into adults
Sc2/2.3b find out about and describe the basic needs of animals, including humans, for survival (water, food and air)
Sc2/2.3c describe the importance for humans of exercise, eating the right amounts of different types of food, and hygiene
Sc2/3.1a identify and compare the suitability of a variety of everyday materials, including wood, metal, plastic, glass, brick, rock, paper and cardboard for different uses
Sc2/3.1b compare how things move on different surfaces
Sc2/3.1c find out how the shapes of solid objects made from some materials can be changed by squashing, bending, twisting and stretching

Science Programmes of Study for Key Stages 1 and 2

Purpose of Study:

A high-quality science education lays the groundwork for comprehending the world through the distinct disciplines of biology, chemistry, and physics. Science plays a crucial role in transforming our lives and is essential for the future prosperity of the world. It is imperative that all students learn fundamental aspects of scientific knowledge, methods, processes, and applications. By establishing a solid foundation of essential knowledge and concepts, students should be inspired to appreciate the value of logical explanations and foster a sense of wonder and curiosity about natural occurrences. They should learn how science can elucidate phenomena, predict behaviours, and analyse causes.

The Science National Curriculum Aims

The national science curriculum aims to ensure that all students:

  • Develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding across the disciplines of biology, chemistry, and physics.
  • Gain insight into the nature, processes, and methods of science through various scientific inquiries to address questions about their surroundings.
  • Acquire the scientific knowledge necessary to comprehend the uses and implications of science in both present and future contexts.

Scientific Knowledge and Conceptual Understanding:

The programs of study outline a progression of knowledge and concepts. While student advancement is crucial, it is equally essential for them to establish a firm understanding of each key set of knowledge and concepts to advance to the next level. Superficial or uncertain comprehension hinders genuine progress, leading to challenges during critical transitions, the formation of misconceptions, and difficulties in grasping advanced content.

Students should be able to articulate processes and significant characteristics using everyday language, while also demonstrating accurate and precise use of technical terminology. They should expand their specialized vocabulary and apply mathematical skills to scientific understanding, including data collection, presentation, and analysis. Although social and economic implications of science hold significance, they are typically integrated into the broader school curriculum to maximize student engagement and motivation in studying science.

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