## Upper Key Stage 2 Mathematics Curriculum Links

### Mathematics

National Curriculum Standard Hands-On Education Activity
Ma5/2.1 Number & Place Value
Ma5/2.1a read, write, order and compare numbers to at least 1,000,000 and determine the value of each digit
Ma5/2.1b count forwards or backwards in steps of powers of 10 for any given number up to 1,000,000
Ma5/2.1c interpret negative numbers in context, count forwards and backwards with positive and negative whole numbers, including through 0
Ma5/2.1d round any number up to 1,000,000 to the nearest 10, 100, 1,000, 10,000 and 100,000
Ma5/2.1e solve number problems and practical problems that involve all of the above
Ma5/2.1f read Roman numerals to 1,000 (M) and recognise years written in Roman numerals
Ma5/2.2a add and subtract whole numbers with more than 4 digits,including using formal written methods (columnar addition and subtraction)
Ma5/2.2b add and subtract numbers mentally with increasingly large numbers
Ma5/2.2c use rounding to check answers to calculations and determine, in the context of a problem, levels of accuracy
Ma5/2.2d solve addition and subtraction multi-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why
Ma5/2.3 Multiplication & Division
Ma5/2.3a identify multiples and factors, including finding all factor pairs of a number, and common factors of two numbers
Ma5/2.3b know and use the vocabulary of prime numbers, prime factors and composite (non-prime) numbers
Ma5/2.3c establish whether a number up to 100 is prime and recall prime numbers up to 19
Ma5/2.3d multiply numbers up to 4 digits by a one- or two-digit number using a formal written method, including long multiplication for two-digit numbers
Ma5/2.3e multiply and divide numbers mentally drawing upon known facts
Ma5/2.3f divide numbers up to 4 digits by a one-digit number using the formal written method of short division and interpret remainders appropriately for the context
Ma5/2.3g multiply and divide whole numbers and those involving decimals by 10, 100 and 1,000
Ma5/2.3h recognise and use square numbers and cube numbers, and the notation for squared (2) and cubed (3)
Ma5/2.3i solve problems involving multiplication and division, including using their knowledge of factors and multiples, squares and cubes
Ma5/2.3j solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and a combination of these, including understanding the meaning of the equals sign
Ma5/2.3k solve problems involving multiplication and division, including scaling by simple fractions and problems involving simple rates
Ma5/2.4 Fractions (decimals & percentages)
Ma5/2.4a compare and order fractions whose denominators are all multiples of the same number
Ma5/2.4b identify, name and write equivalent fractions of a given fraction, represented visually, including tenths and hundredths
Ma5/2.4c recognise mixed numbers and improper fractions and convert from one form to the other and write mathematical statements > 1 as a mixed number
Ma5/2.4d add and subtract fractions with the same denominator and denominators that are multiples of the same number
Ma5/2.4e multiply proper fractions and mixed numbers by whole numbers, supported by materials and diagrams
Ma5/2.4f read and write decimal numbers as fractions
Ma5/2.4g recognise and use thousandths and relate them to tenths, hundredths and decimal equivalents
Ma5/2.4h round decimals with 2 decimal places to the nearest whole number and to 1 decimal place
Ma5/2.4i read, write, order and compare numbers with up to 3 decimal places
Ma5/2.4j solve problems involving number up to 3 decimal places
Ma5/2.4k recognise the per cent symbol (%) and understand that per cent relates to “number of parts per 100”, and write percentages as a fraction with denominator 100, and as a decimal fraction
Ma5/2.4l solve problems which require knowing percentage and decimal equivalents of 1/2, 1/4, 1/5, 2/5, 4/5 and fractions with a denominator of a multiple of 10 or 25
Ma5/3.1 Measurement
Ma5/3.1a convert between different units of metric measure
Ma5/3.1b understand and use approximate equivalences between metric units and common imperial units such as inches, pounds and pints
Ma5/3.1c measure and calculate the perimeter of composite rectilinear shapes in centimetres and metres
Ma5/3.1d calculate and compare the area of rectangles (including squares) including using standard units, square centimetres (cm2) and square metres (m2) and estimate the area of irregular shapes
Ma5/3.1e estimate volume and capacity
Ma5/3.1f solve problems involving converting between units of time
Ma5/3.1g use all four operations to solve problems involving measure using decimal notation including scaling
Ma5/3.2 Properties of Shape
Ma5/3.2a identify 3-D shapes, including cubes and other cuboids, from 2-D representations
Ma5/3.2b know angles are measured in degrees: estimate and compare acute, obtuse and reflex angles
Ma5/3.2c draw given angles, and measure them in degrees (o)
Ma5/3.2d identify:
1. angles at a point and 1 whole turn (total 360o)
2. angles at a point on a straight line and half a turn (total 180o)
3. other multiples of 90o
Ma5/3.2e use the properties of rectangles to deduce related facts and find missing lengths and angles
Ma5/3.2f distinguish between regular and irregular polygons based on reasoning about equal sides and angles
Ma5/3.3 Position & Direction
Ma5/3.3a identify, describe and represent the position of a shape following a reflection or translation, using the appropriate language, and know that the shape has not changed
Ma5/4.1 Statistics
Ma5/4.1a solve comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in a line graph
Ma5/4.1b complete, read and interpret information in tables, including timetables

## Hands-On Education's approach to the National Curriculum for Math

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In England, the National Curriculum covers a wide range of subjects and skills for primary school students. Each aspect of the curriculum for years one through six is extensively covered, although some areas like swimming and computer science are not included.

For your convenience, the Key Stage One and Lower Key Stage Two groups are linked to their respective English curriculum guides. Additionally, each primary school year group has a fully mapped out curriculum, so you can use this as a separate reference guide to the national curriculum of England. This ensures that students receive a comprehensive education, preparing them for the next stages of their academic journey.

###### Primary Education Curriculum

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