## English National Curriculum

### Y1: Maths

National Curriculum of England Hands-On Education Activity
Ma1/2.1 Number & Place Value
Ma1/2.1a count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number
Ma1/2.1b count, read and write numbers to 100 in numerals; count in multiples of 2s, 5s and 10s
Ma1/2.1c given a number, identify 1 more and 1 less
Ma1/2.1d identify and represent numbers using objects and pictorial representations including the number line, and use the language of: equal to, more than, less than (fewer), most, least
Ma1/2.1e read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in numerals and words
Ma1/2.2a read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (-) and equals (=) signs
Ma1/2.2b represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20
Ma1/2.2c add and subtract one-digit and two-digit numbers to 20, including 0
Ma1/2.2d solve one-step problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects and pictorial representations, and missing number problems such as 7 = ? - 9
Ma1/2.3 Multiplication & Division
Ma1/2.3a solve one-step problems involving multiplication and division, by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays with the support of the teacher
Ma1/2.4 Fractions
Ma1/2.4a recognise, find and name a half as 1 of 2 equal parts of an object, shape or quantity
Ma1/2.4b recognise, find and name a quarter as 1 of 4 equal parts of an object, shape or quantity
Ma1/3.1 Measurement
Ma1/3.1a compare, describe and solve practical problems for:
1. lengths and heights [for example, long/short, longer/shorter, tall/short, double/half]
2. mass / weight
3. capacity and volume
4. time (hours, minutes, seconds)
Ma1/3.1b measure and begin to record the following:
1. lengths and heights
2. mass / weight
3. capacity and volume
4. time (hours, minutes, seconds)
Ma1/3.1c recognise and know the value of different denominations of coins and notes
Ma1/3.1d sequence events in chronological order using language
Ma1/3.1e recognise and use language relating to dates, including days of the week, weeks, months and years
Ma1/3.1f tell the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times
Ma1/3.2 Properties of Shapes
Ma1/3.2a recognise and name common 2D and 3D shapes, including:
1. 2D shapes
2. 3D shapes
Ma1/3.3 Position and Direction
Ma1/3.3a describe position, directions and movements, including whole, half, quarter and three-quarter turns

## How did the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority (QCA) overhaul the curriculum?

The Qualifications and Curriculum Authority (QCA) implemented a comprehensive overhaul of the curriculum, with a particular focus on mathematics. Although other subjects underwent substantial changes, the mathematical content remained relatively consistent. One significant change was the introduction of distinct Programmes of Study (PoS) for Key Stages One, Two, and Three, outlining specific objectives for each stage of education. Moreover, Key Stage Four was divided into two distinct levels: Foundation and Higher. By implementing these changes, the QCA aimed to provide a clearer framework for mathematics education and ensure that all students were equipped with the necessary skills and knowledge at each stage of their academic journey.

## What revisions were made to the National Curriculum for Mathematics in 1991, 1995, and 1999?

The National Curriculum for Mathematics underwent several revisions in 1991, 1995, and 1999. In 1991, the document was replaced with a revised version called Mathematics in the National Curriculum (1991). The main objective of this revision was to simplify assessments while maintaining the same mathematics content. These changes were implemented on August 1, 1992.

In 1995, the National Curriculum for Mathematics was reviewed by Sir Ron Dearing, the Chairman of the School Curriculum and Assessment Authority (SCAA). The aim of this review was to streamline the curriculum and improve its administration. The revised curriculum was implemented from August 1995 and remained unchanged for five years.

By 1999, the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority (QCA) carried out a significant overhaul of the curriculum. However, the mathematical content of the National Curriculum for Mathematics remained largely the same. Each Key Stage – One, Two, Three, and Four – had its own Programmes of Study (PoS). Key Stage Four was further divided into Foundation and Higher levels. These Programmes of Study outlined the specific objectives and skills that students should achieve at each stage of their education.

## How did the National Curriculum for Mathematics undergo revisions?

The National Curriculum for Mathematics went through several rounds of revisions, primarily focusing on the aspect of assessment while keeping the mathematical content relatively unchanged. In 1993, Sir Ron Dearing conducted a comprehensive review of the entire national curriculum, with a specific objective of streamlining the curriculum and enhancing its administration. The outcomes of his review led to the implementation of a revised curriculum in August 1995, which was to remain unaltered for a period of five years.

During this process, the previous version of the curriculum, established in 1989, was replaced by a revised document called "Mathematics in the National Curriculum" in 1991. The main goal of this revision was to make the assessment process more manageable without making significant alterations to the underlying mathematical content. The revised curriculum came into effect on 1 August 1992.

Additionally, the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority (QCA) took on the task of conducting a radical overhaul of the curriculum. However, these changes had minimal impact on the mathematical content. The curriculum was structured into distinct stages such as Key Stages One, Two, Three, and Four. Each stage had its own Programmes of Study (PoS), and at Key Stage Four, the curriculum was divided into Foundation and Higher levels. The PoS detailed the specific knowledge and skills that students were expected to acquire at each stage.

## What was the significance of the inclusion of "Using and Applying Mathematics" in the curriculum?

The inclusion of "Using and Applying Mathematics" in the curriculum had great significance. It was a direct response to the recommendations made by the Cockcroft committee in the Mathematics Counts report. This inclusion encompassed the use of mathematics in practical tasks, solving real-life problems, and exploring mathematical concepts within the subject itself. By incorporating this approach into the curriculum, the aim was to move away from a teaching style focused solely on the acquisition of knowledge and skills in isolation. Instead, the National Curriculum required schools to adopt a teaching and learning approach where the application of mathematics was integrated and influenced all aspects of mathematical work. This significant undertaking challenged schools to redefine their approach to teaching mathematics, with the ultimate goal being to raise standards for all students.

## When was the National Curriculum for Mathematics introduced?

The National Curriculum for Mathematics was introduced into England, Wales, and Northern Ireland following the passing of the Education Reform Act 1988, thereby establishing a nationwide curriculum for primary and secondary state schools.

## What challenges did schools face in implementing the National Curriculum for Mathematics?

### What resources and guidance were provided to teachers to make sense of the new curriculum?

Teachers and home educating families following the English national curriculum can visit our maths curriculum sections covering years one through six. Here you will be able to simply click on the resources you're interested in for your students or children. Our problem-solving fun activities are tried and tested by our very talented team. In addition to these resources, we understand the importance of providing comprehensive support to teachers in understanding and implementing the new curriculum. That's why we have also developed non-statutory guidance and training materials to accompany the curriculum. These materials have been designed to assist teachers in making sense of the new curriculum and its requirements. Through this combination of curriculum sections, engaging activities, and dedicated guidance, we aim to support teachers in providing the best mathematics education for their students.

### What methods for calculating were students encouraged to develop?

In the eyes of a child, sweets and candies hold an un-proportionally large amount of importance. When divvying up said resources (sweets) equally between multiple children, they will need to utilize an array of mathematical knowledge. Addition and subtraction problems almost certainly arise, and for quicker calculations, including fractions and possibly their multiplication tables could be handy. With primary and secondary school pupils, it’s important that they use their maths knowledge in this type of practical way. By applying their mathematical skills to real-world examples, such as sharing sweets, they can better understand the relevance of learning mathematics in the first place.

Moreover, the National Curriculum recognizes the significance of developing a wide range of methods for calculating, from mental methods to the use of electronic calculators. It encourages students at every stage to explore and create their own unique approaches to calculations. This feature is further emphasized through initiatives like the Numeracy project and the Framework for Teaching Mathematics. By encouraging students to develop their own methods, they are empowered to think independently, foster creativity, and enhance their problem-solving skills. This comprehensive approach not only equips students with the necessary computational skills but also instils a deeper understanding and appreciation for the subject.

### How did the National Curriculum for Mathematics aim to raise standards of attainment?

In the eyes of a child, sweets and candies hold an un-proportionally large amount of importance. When divvying up said resources (sweets) equally between multiple children, they will need to utilize an array of mathematical knowledge. Addition and subtraction problems almost certainly come into play, and for a quick solution, including fractions and possibly their multiplication tables could be handy. With primary and secondary school pupils, it’s important that they use their maths knowledge in this type of practical way. Using real-world examples at the early key stages of education helps them to better understand why they must learn mathematics in the first place.

But the National Curriculum for Mathematics in England aims to go beyond just teaching basic skills. It sets out clear and defined objectives within various key topic areas, ensuring that young learners can achieve higher standards in this foundational subject. The curriculum breaks down these objectives into key stages, guiding educators and providing a comprehensive framework for teaching mathematics.

To accomplish the aim of raising standards of attainment, the National Curriculum introduces Programmes of Study (PoS), Attainment Targets (AT) levels, and Statements of Attainment (SoA). These components serve as guidelines and benchmarks for both teachers and students, outlining the expected progression of mathematical skills and knowledge.

One significant inclusion in the curriculum, following the recommendations of the Cockcroft committee, is the emphasis on "Using and Applying Mathematics." This approach encourages students to apply their mathematical knowledge in practical tasks, real-life problems, and investigations within the field of mathematics itself. By shifting away from teaching purely for the acquisition of knowledge and skills in isolation, the National Curriculum challenges schools to develop a teaching and learning approach where the uses and applications of mathematics permeate and influence all work in the subject.

Moreover, the curriculum aims to foster mathematical reasoning skills and the ability to formulate and test hypotheses, make deductions, and draw conclusions. It also focuses on equipping students with a range of mathematical tools and techniques, such as calculators, graphs, and diagrams. By developing these skills, the National Curriculum aims to prepare students for their future studies and careers, aiming to cultivate confident and competent mathematicians.

In summary, the National Curriculum for Mathematics in England strives to raise standards of attainment by standardizing the content taught across schools, providing clear objectives and targets, and promoting the application of mathematics in practical and real-life contexts. By embracing these principles, the curriculum aims to ensure that students not only acquire mathematical knowledge but also develop problem-solving abilities and a deep understanding of how to apply mathematical concepts in real-world situations.

### What were the key components of the National Curriculum for Mathematics?

In the realm of a child's perspective, the allure of sweets and candies cannot be underestimated, as they hold a disproportionately large amount of importance. When faced with the task of dividing these precious resources equally among multiple children, mathematical knowledge becomes an invaluable tool. Addition and subtraction problems inevitably arise, and for the sake of expediency, familiarity with fractions and multiplication tables may come in handy. It is crucial for primary and secondary school pupils to apply their mathematical knowledge in practical ways like this. By incorporating real-world examples into early stages of education, young learners are able to better comprehend the relevance and significance of learning mathematics.

In England, the national curriculum for mathematics is defined with clear aims and objectives, meticulously broken down into key topic areas across different key stages. Throughout a child's educational journey, it is vital to continue using learning resources that facilitate the grasp of these mathematical aims outlined in the national curriculum for England. For teachers and families who follow the English national curriculum, our comprehensive maths curriculum sections covering years one through six are readily accessible. Within these sections, you will find a selection of resources that cater to your students or children's needs. Our problem-solving activities have been meticulously crafted and thoroughly tested by our talented team.

The National Curriculum for Mathematics in England sets forth a series of aims and objectives that delineate what young learners should strive to achieve in this foundational subject. Our resource page dedicated to exploring these aims ensures that all students can further cultivate their mathematical skills and problem-solving abilities. One of the key objectives of the curriculum is to foster a deep understanding of how to articulate mathematical concepts and apply them in real-life scenarios.

Another pivotal aim of the National Curriculum for Mathematics, across various key stages, is to instil confidence in students when it comes to employing mathematical language and symbols. Moreover, students are encouraged to effectively communicate their mathematical ideas, articulating their reasoning and justifying their solutions to problems.

The English curriculum also endeavours to nurture students' mathematical reasoning skills by teaching them how to formulate and test hypotheses, make deductions, and draw conclusions through measurement. Additionally, the English national curriculum aims to equip students with proficiency in utilizing a range of mathematical tools and techniques, including calculators, graphs, and diagrams.

In conclusion, the National Curriculum for Mathematics in England aims to equip students with the necessary mathematical skills and knowledge to thrive in their future studies and careers. Our hope is to nurture confident and competent mathematicians who can perceive the practical applications of mathematics and approach problem-solving with skill and precision.

### What was the purpose of the National Curriculum for Mathematics?

"The purpose of the National Curriculum for Mathematics in England is to provide students with a comprehensive education in mathematics, equipping them with the necessary skills and knowledge to excel in their future studies and careers. This curriculum aims to foster confidence and competence in mathematics, allowing students to become proficient mathematicians.

Moreover, the National Curriculum for Mathematics goes beyond individual student development. It also seeks to standardize the content taught across schools, ensuring consistency and raising the overall standards of attainment in mathematics. By implementing a standardized curriculum, the aim is to provide an equal opportunity for all students, regardless of their geographical location or educational institution, to receive a high-quality education in mathematics.

Through the standardization of content, the National Curriculum for Mathematics aims to bridge any gaps in educational provision, promoting equitable access to mathematical learning. By establishing clear learning objectives and outcomes, the curriculum sets a benchmark for student achievement and serves as a guide for teachers to deliver effective instruction.

In summary, the National Curriculum for Mathematics in England has a multifaceted purpose. It aims to equip students with the necessary mathematical skills and knowledge to succeed in their future endeavours, fostering confidence and competence in the subject. Simultaneously, it strives to standardize the curriculum across schools, raising the overall standards of attainment and ensuring equal opportunities for all students to excel in mathematics."

### What is the National Curriculum for Mathematics?

In England, the national curriculum for mathematics aims to provide a clear and structured framework for math education. It is designed to guide teachers and home educating families in delivering effective instruction to students across different key stages. The curriculum breaks down key topics and learning objectives to ensure a comprehensive understanding of mathematical concepts.

To support educators and parents, our platform offers a range of learning resources aligned with the national curriculum for math in England. These resources have been carefully curated and tested by our talented team, ensuring their effectiveness in helping students grasp the mathematical aims outlined in the curriculum.

Our extensive collection of problem-solving activities is designed to engage students and foster their critical thinking skills. These activities have been tried and tested, guaranteeing their educational value and ability to enhance mathematical understanding.

We understand the importance of providing educators and parents with accessible and user-friendly resources. That's why we have organized our math curriculum sections according to each year group, from year one to year six. By simply clicking on the resources related to your students' or children's level, you can access a range of materials that align with the national curriculum objectives.

We are committed to supporting the implementation of the national curriculum for mathematics in England. Our platform aims to empower educators and parents by providing them with the tools they need to deliver engaging and effective math education, ensuring that students meet the standards of mathematical attainment set by the national curriculum.